viernes, 30 de abril de 2010

A history brief about hurricanes at Quintana Roo

Every year, during the hurricane season Quintana Roo is always prone to be stricken by a cyclone. From 1950 to 2009, our state has been affected by tropical systems approximately 120 occasions. The most destructives have been:

Janet (category 5 hurricane), which was least 687 deaths in the Lesser Antilles, Yucatán Peninsula and mainland Mexico, struck Chetumal on September 28, 1955. Our small city was destroyed and many houses too because majority of them were built of wood. Every year, our government organizes a ceremony in memory for those who died during the hurricane at Fiscal Dock. Besides, it built the monument “El Renacimiento”.

Carmen (category 4 hurricane) was the most intense tropical cyclone of the 1974 Atlantic Hurricane Season. The storm's center passed a few miles north of Chetumal, which was likely under its eyewall.

Gilbert (category 5 hurricane) struck Cozumel and Cancun on September 14, 1988. It wreaked havoc in the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico for nearly 9 days. In total, it killed 341 people and caused about $5.5 billion (1988 USD, $9.4 billion 2006 USD) in damages over the course of its path.

Emily was the fifth named storm, second hurricane, and second major hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. It struck Los Chunes and affected Xel-Ha, Tulum and Punta Allen on July 16, 2005.

Wilma was the third hurricane of the Atlantic 2005 season to reach category 5 status, setting a new record for the seasonal number of category 5 storms. It struck Cozumel and Cancún on October 21st. During its path over our State left a lot rain.

Dean (category 5 hurricane). After of several years Chetumal City was affected by a hurricane on 21st August 2007. During its path destroyed tourist zone as Mahahual and Bacalar. Its winds were as strong that brought down trees and houses which were near to the beach.

It is important to mention that while stronger is a hurricane less rain left.

Every season is different; however in last years, the hurricanes have been intensified and have caused more damage.

"Two factors that contribute to more intense tropical cyclones-ocean heat content and water vapor-have both increased over the past several decades. This is primarily due to human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels and the clearing of forests, which have significantly elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the atmosphere." (1)

(1) Union of Concerned Scientists (2006). Global Warning. Hurricanes and Climate Change. Obtained on May 18, 2010. Retrieved from

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